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List of Northern African Countries

List of Northern African Countries

%name List of Northern African Countries 

North Africa also includes a number of Spanish possessions (Ceuta and Melilla and tiny Spanish islets off the coast of Morocco). The Canary Islands and Madeira in the North Atlantic Ocean northwest of the African mainland are included in considerations of the region.

The distinction between North Africa and much of Sub-Saharan Africa is historically and ecologically significant because of the effective barrier created by the Sahara Desert for much of modern history. From 3500 BC, following the abrupt desertification of the Sahara due to gradual changes in the Earth’s orbit, this barrier has culturally separated the North from the rest of the continent.

As the seafaring civilizations of the Phoenicians, Greeks, Romans, Muslims and others facilitated communication and migration across the Mediterranean Sea, the cultures of North Africa became much more closely tied to South western Asia and Europe than Sub-Saharan Africa. The Islamic influence in the area is also significant, and North Africa is a major part of the Muslim world. In this article, “How Africa” will take you through some of the things you need to know about the North African countries, in terms of history, culture, economy, technology and politics.

Algeria

Algeria, officially the People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria, is a sovereign state in North Africa on the Mediterranean coast. Its capital and most populous city is Algiers, located in the Country’s far north. With an area of 2,381,741 square kilometres (919,595 sq mi), Algeria is the tenth-largest country in the world, and the largest in Africa.

Algeria is bordered to the northeast by Tunisia, to the east by Libya, to the west by Morocco, to the southwest by the Western Saharan territory, Mauritania, and Mali, to the southeast by Niger, and to the north by the Mediterranean Sea. The country is a semi-presidential republic consisting of 48 provinces and 1,541 communes (counties). Abdelaziz Bouteflika has been President since 1999.

Algeria is a regional and middle power. The North African country supplies large amounts of natural gas to Europe, and energy exports are the backbone of the economy. According to OPEC Algeria has the 17th largest oil reserves in the world and the second largest in Africa, while it has the 9th largest reserves of natural gas. Riyad Mahrez of Algeria is the first African player to have won PFA player of the year award in the English premiership after his club, Leicester City emerged champion in 2015/2016 season.

Egypt

Egypt, officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula. Egypt is a Mediterranean country bordered by the Strip and Israel to the northeast, the Gulf of Aqaba to the east, the Red Sea to the east and south, Sudan to the south, and Libya to the west. Across the Gulf of Aqaba lies Jordan, and across from the Sinai Peninsula lies Saudi Arabia, although Jordan and Saudi Arabia do not share a land border with Egypt. It is the world’s only contiguous Eurafrasian nation.

Egypt has the longest histories of any modern country, emerging as one of the world’s first nation states in the tenth millennium BC. Considered a cradle of civilisation, Ancient Egypt experienced some of the earliest developments of writing, agriculture, urbanisation, organised religion and central government.

Iconic monuments such as the Giza Necropolis and its Great Sphinx, as well the ruins of Memphis, Thebes, Karnak, and the Valley of the Kings, reflect this legacy and remain a significant focus of archaeological study and popular interest worldwide. Ancient Egyptian Prince Khaemwaset was the World’s first archaeologist. Egypt’s rich cultural heritage is an integral part of its national identity, which has endured, and at times assimilated, various foreign influences, including Greek, Persian, Roman, Arab, Ottoman, and European.

One of the earliest centers of Christianity, Egypt was Islamized in the seventh century and remains a predominantly Muslim country, albeit with a significant Christian minority. Most Egyptians believed their descendant were not black that’s why they don’t really see themselves as part of Africa. Recently, one of Egyptian scholars revealed their true descendant saying they were truly black according to history.

In terms of economy, its economy is among the biggest in Africa with a GDP of $270 billion according to latest projections in 2016 by IMF. Egyptian universities are always ranked among the best in Africa and World. In 2015, Egypt became the world’s fourth-biggest weapons importer, spending almost US$2.3 billion according Global Defence Trade Report. Also, its army is ranked the first greatest African military and 12th of 126 greatest world militaries.

Libya

Libya, officially the State of Libya is a country in the Maghreb region of North Africa, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast Chad and Niger to the south, and Algeria and Tunisia to the west. The three traditional parts of the country are Tripolitania, Fezzan and Cyrenaica.

With an area of almost 1.8 million square kilometres (700,000 sq mi), Libya is the fourth largest country in Africa, and is the 16th largest country in the world. Libya has the 10th-largest proven oil reserves of any country in the world. 

Libya was an early center of Christianity. After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, the area of Libya was mostly occupied by the Vandals until the 7th century, when invasions brought Islam and Arab colonization. In the sixteenth century, the Spanish Empire and the Knights of St John occupied Tripoli, until Ottoman rule began in 1551.

Libya was involved in the Barbary Wars of the 18th and 19th centuries. Ottoman rule continued until the Italian occupation of Libya resulted in the temporary Italian Libya colony from 1911 to 1943. During the Second World War Libya was an important area of warfare in the North African Campaign. The Italian population then went into decline. Libya became an independent kingdom in 1951.

Morocco

Morocco is a country in the Maghreb region of North Africa. Geographically, Morocco is characterized by rugged mountainous interior and large portions of desert. It is one of only three countries (with Spain and France) to have both Atlantic and Mediterranean coastlines.

Morocco has a population of over 33.8 million and an area of 446,550 km2 (172,410 sq mi). Its political capital is Rabat. The largest city is Casablanca. Other major cities include Marrakesh, Tangier, Tetouan,Salé, Fes, Agadir, Meknes, Oujda, Kenitra, and Nador. A historically prominent regional power, Morocco has a history of independence not shared by its neighbours. Its distinct culture is a blend of Arab, indigenous Berber, Sub-Saharan African, and European influences. Also, the world oldest library is in Fez, Morocco.

Morocco is the only African country that’s not a member of African Union. The north African country withdrew from the then Organisation of African Unity (OAU) in 1984 over the admission of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (Western Sahara) as a full member of the body. But, Morocco has officially applied to rejoin African Union after been isolated for 32 years. Early this year, Morocco launched one of the world’s largest solar thermal plants at Ouarzazate, which supplies power to over one million people.

Sudan

Sudan also known as North Sudan and officially the Republic of the Sudan is a country in north eastern Africa. It is bordered by Egypt to the north, the Red Sea, Eritrea, and Ethiopia to the east, South Sudan to the south, the Central African Republic to the southwest, Chad to the west and Libya to the northwest. It is the third largest country in Africa. The River Nile divides the country into eastern and western halves. Its predominant religion is Islam.

Sudan was home to numerous ancient civilizations, such as the Kingdom of Kush, Kerma, Nobatia, Alodia, Makuria,Meroë and others, most of which flourished along the Nile. During the pre-dynastic period Nubia and Nagadan Upper Egypt were identical, simultaneously evolved systems of pharaonic kingship by 3300 BC. By virtue of its proximity to Egypt, the Sudan participated in the wider history of the Near East inasmuch as it was Christianized by the 6th century, and Islamized in the 15th.

As a result of Christianization, the Old Nubian language stands as the oldest recorded Nilo-Saharan language (earliest records dating to the 9th century). Sudan was the largest country in Africa and the Arab world until 2011, when South Sudan separated into an independent country, following an independence referendum. Sudan is now the third largest country in Africa (after Algeria and the Democratic Republic of the Congo) and also the third largest country in the Arab world (after Algeria and Saudi Arabia).

Sudan is a member of the United Nations, the African Union, the Arab League, the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation and the Non-Aligned Movement, as well as an observer in the World Trade Organization. Its capital is Khartoum, the political, cultural and commercial centre of the nation. It is a presidential representative democratic federal republic. The politics of Sudan is regulated by a parliamentary organization called the National Assembly. The Sudanese legal system is based on Islamic law.

Tunisia

Tunisia, officially the Tunisian Republic is the northernmost country in Africa, covering 165,000 square kilometres (64,000 square miles). Its northernmost point, Cape Angela, is the northernmost point on the African continent. It is bordered by Algeria to the west, Libya to the southeast, and the Mediterranean Sea to the north and east. Tunisia’s population was estimated to be just fewer than 11 million in 2014. Tunisia’s name is derived from its capital city, Tunis, which is located on Tunisia’s northeast coast.

Geographically, Tunisia contains the eastern end of the Atlas Mountains and the northern reaches of the Sahara desert. Much of the rest of the country’s land is fertile soil. Its 1,300 kilometres (810 miles) of coastline includes the African conjunction of the western and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Basin and, by means of the Sicilian Straitand Sardinian Channel, features the African mainland’s second and third nearest points to Europe after Gibraltar.

Tunisia is a unitary semi-presidential representative democratic republic. It is considered to be the only full democracy in the Arab World. It has a high human development index. It has an association agreement with the European Union; is a member of La Francophonie, the Union for the Mediterranean, the Arab Maghreb Union, the Arab League, the OIC, the Greater Arab Free Trade Area, the Community of Sahel-Saharan States, the African Union, the Non-Aligned Movement, the Group of 77; and has obtained the status of major non-NATO ally of the United States. In addition, Tunisia is also a member state of the United Nations and a state party to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. Close relations with Europe  – in particular with France and with Italy– have been forged through economic cooperation, privatisation and industrial modernization.

Volcanoes to Climb in East Africa

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Volcanoes to Climb in East Africa

mount kilimanjaro 640x426 Volcanoes to Climb in East Africa

Africa has much to offer those willing and brave enough to venture to this beautiful continent. Many activities are at every tourist’s disposal, including safaris deep into the Serengeti, shopping in the many local markets and bazaars, or even a visit to one of the many pristine beaches found in the North and South.

All of these are great options to consider during one’s trip, but nothing will be quite as memorable as a climb to the top of some of the most beautiful (and still active) volcanoes this side of the world has to offer.

The most well-known Kilimanjaro is talked about and often frequented by climbing enthusiasts from around the world.

Below are the 8 best volcanoes you have to climb during your next trip to Africa.

1. Mount Kilimanjaro

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Mount Kilimanjaro – Hikers Underway on Their Journey

Mount Kilimanjaro, nicknamed as the roof of Africa, has earned its name for good reason – if you reach the top of this mountain, you’ll be at the highest point in all of Africa. Not only the highest mountain, Kilimanjaro is Africa’s highest dormant volcano.

Kilimanjaro is a great place for intermediate climbers since technical skills or special equipment are not a requirement to be able to complete the climb. Rather, one must simply be in great physical condition and be able to undertake extreme physical exertion during this climb.

Starting at the bottom, you’ll have six different routes you can choose to take, all of which include their own level of difficulty. Choose accordingly, as not only the difficulty varies, but also the scenery you’ll be taking in during your climb to the top.

2. Mount Meru

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Mount Meru – Known as Mount Kilimanjaro’s Neighbor

Known as Kilimanjaro’s neighbor, Mount Meru is the second-highest mountain in Tanzania measuring in at nearly 4,565 meters high. Living in the shadows of Kilimanjaro’s legacy, Mount Meru offers an excellent climb with both impressive views and a diverse rainforest that will accompany you for most of your journey.

For climbers who wish to climb Kilimanjaro, Mount Meru is an excellent starting point to first become accustomed since both ranges are quite similar to one another. Expect the full climb to require between 3-4 days.

3. Mount Kenya

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Mount Kenya – East Africa’s Most Difficult Volcano to Climb

Kenya’s highest mountain, Mount Kenya, has its highest peak measuring in at roughly 5200 meters. This extinct volcano is considered as East Africa’s most difficult technical climb, requiring climbers between a half week and up to a full week to complete.

The peaks of Batian and Nelion both require technical climbing ability, whereas Lenana is a better option for those with no previous technical climbing skills.

4. Mount Elgon

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Mount Elgon – Packed with Caves, Gorges and Waterfalls

Mount Elgon sits between the borders of both Kenya and Uganda, and contains 5 total peaks. The two highest peaks include Wagagai (4,321 meters high, located on the Uganda side) and Sudek (4,301 meters high, and found in Kenya). Packed with caves, gorges and waterfalls, expect plenty of beautiful sights along the way.

In order to climb Mount Elgon, you’ll need to hire an official guide. One should also expect to spend about 5 days total when climbing to its highest peaks.

5. Simien Mountains

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Mount Simien – Home to One of Africa’s Rarest Species

The Simien Mountains include an array of peaks above the 4,000 meters’ range including the well-known Ras Dejen, at 4,533 meters. Located in Ethiopia, the Simien climb is a great option if you’re interested in wildlife and visiting one of Africa’s rarest species – the Ethiopian wolf. Additionally, the gelada baboon and Ibex can be found in the range’s gorges and valleys.

The climb length varies greatly, and depending on the chosen route, expect to spend anywhere between 1 and 12 days on this mountain range.

6. Mount Karisimbi

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Mount Karisimbi – Sitting Between Rwanda and The Democratic Republic of Congo

At its highest peak, Mount Karisimbi is situated at roughly 4,507 meters, and the fifth highest volcano in Africa. Mount Karisimbi is situated between Rwanda and The Democratic Republic of Congo, and finds itself located inside of the famous Volcanoes National Park. Along the climb, expect to see various primates, as well as the popular gorillas that inhabit the park.

The total climb will require 2 days, including one night of camping.

7. Mount Nyiragongo

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Mount Nyiragongo – Home to The World’s Largest Lava Lake

Mount Nyiragongo is yet another active volcano located in East Africa, with a total elevation of 3,470 meters. Certainly one for the more adventurous types, this volcanoes’ most recent eruption recently occurred in 2002, and it continues to be active.

This volcano is home to the world’s largest lava lake, and is another great reason why this climb is worth your time. A spectacular night view from the top directly into the caldera, no climb is complete without a night spent in the mountain’s tiny man-made cabins.

Expect two days to complete the hike up Mount Nyiragongo.

8. Mulanje Massif

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Mulanje Massif – Africa’s Largest Unbroken Climbing Wall

Also known by its name Mount Mulanje, Mulanje Massif reaches an elevation of 3,002 meters at its highest peak, Sapitwa. Scattered along the hike, many rental huts can be found which make this mountain also a popular destination for campers and hikers alike.

Most of Muljanje Massif’s peaks can be reached without the need for technical climbing. It is worth the note that the first day of the ascent is very steep, and can be quite demanding.

This mountain range also includes Africa’s longest unbroken wall, allowing rock climbers an uninterrupted 1,700 meter climb.

Uganda Gorilla Permits Increase

Uganda Gorilla Permits Increase

Uganda Gorilla permits Increase by Uganda Wildlife Authority

372afd3f e121 4935 a46a 77125c9bddfa Uganda Gorilla Permits Increase

The Uganda Wildlife Authority has announced an increase in the price of gorilla permits that will now cost a flat fee of 600USD in both low and high seasons for all visitors effective immediately.

This price increase will also affect tourists who had already made bookings for the low seasons of April, May and November.

Uganda Wildlife Authority (UWA) raised the price of Gorilla permits to be able to suitably compete with Rwanda whose gorilla permits had seen an increase from 750USD to 1500USD.

With that in mind, all 2018 Set Departures organized by Nature Bound Africa will require  750USD supplement to make up for the increase in price for gorilla permits.

For more information please reach us at info@natureboundafrica.com  OR call us on +255 784 737 413

Africa Tales About Animals of African Savannah

Africa Tales About Animals of African Savannah.

Marangu Market Africa Tales About Animals of African Savannah

History shows that before the coming of colonialists in Kilimanjaro, the Chagga were well organised under small chiefdoms ruled by local ruler called Mangi or Wamangi. These chiefs ruled their subject using forces which were blessed by history, culture and traditional believes whereby the African leopard was regarded as spiritual symbol of the ruling class.

It said the pre-colonial traditional way of life in many parts of Tanzania including Kilimanjaro rain forests was a favourite home to big mammals of the savannah including African leopards which wander freely around villages in the whole area.

Different factors contributed to conservation of wild animals including the flourishing of the African leopard inside forest around Mount Kilimanjaro which was enabled by customary laws and traditional beliefs protected these big cats.

In Kilimanjaro those days, the leopards thrived in tropical rainforest which stand from 2,800 to 1,300 meters above the sea level through the Agro forest which today is found between 1,600 to 1,200 meters above the sea to the savannah forest which is on 1,600 to 700 meters above sea level.

It’s also said that due to the public support, during those days leopards of Mount Kilimanjaro were big but not dangerous although it is believed sometime they were able to break into a house to snatch a sheep or goat.

In those days the number of African Leopards grew bigger in the forest around mount Kilimanjaro because rules of pre-colonial Chagga did not allow anyone to hurt the spotted cat because it was regarded as sacred animal of the land.

In those good old days it was common to see a leopard during day time, not only that the big cat was allowed to wander into a house whenever it feels threatened by uncouth people.

From Machame, Rombo, Kibosho and Marangu it is believed that every clan had its own spiritual leopard which is believed to be responsible to protect members of the whole family at night.

Prove That Kenya Is A Beautiful Country

 That Prove That Kenya Is A Beautiful Country

Here are the 20 fascinating places that prove that Kenya is a beautiful country:

1. Diani Beach

One of the world’s most beautiful beaches, Diani Beach is located on the Indian Ocean coast of Kenya. Diani Beach is an ideal getaway at its finest. The beach offers visitors plenty activities to enjoy or you can spend your time admiring the scenery it offers. The view is breath-taking!

2. Mida Creek

Photo Source: Airbnb

Mida Creek is located on the Malindi-Watamu coastline; it’s a massive tidal inlet of sand, lined with mangrove forest. The creek offers several exciting activities such as fishing, birdwatching, boat trips, mangrove walks and many more. In fact, a day is not enough to do and see all that is on offer in this scenic part of Kenya.

3. Kisumu Impala Sanctuary

Photo Source: Kenya.com

Kisumu Impala Sanctuary is a located 3 Km from Kisumu City. The Sanctuary lies on the shores of Lake Victoria. There are quite a lot of things to enliven and thrill nature-lovers here; besides, if you love wildlife, you will appreciate the both the free ranging and captive animals in the sanctuary. Apart from that, Kisumu Impala Sanctuary is a well-preserved natural beauty, a fascinating place to be!

4. Mahali Mzuri

Photo Source: Atta.travel

Mahali Mzuri is an authentic luxury camp, located in a surrounding packed with amazing wildlife, scenic landscape and great ambience.  Just in case you don’t know, Mahli Mzuriis Sir Richard Branson’s Kenyan Safari Camp, located within Maasai Mara Environs.  The camp boasts a lot of outdoor activities and a vibrant wildlife scene.

5. Masai Mara National Reserve

This is the best place to get close to the wild! If you want to see wildlife up-close and personal, Masaai Mara is a great safari destination for that. The National Reserve is teeming with the ‘big 5′ and other amazing animal species. Nature, wonderful wildlife and picturesque landscape can all be found here. Its natural beauty keeps guests returning every year.

6. Lamu Island

Photo Source: Terri O’Sullivan on Flickr

While Lamu Island entices many tourists and local visitors, the main attractions here are the natural beauty the island exhibits and its calm atmosphere. From Lamu’s history and culture to its scenic beaches, you’ll be in awe of what this island has to offer.

7. Chyulu Hills

Photo Source: Peter Steward on Flickr

To experience some of the most inspiring views Kenya has to offer, head to Chyulu Hills.Chyulu Hills is located in Eastern Kenya, a mountain range that forms a 100Km long volcanic field. This destination is one of the prettiest places in Kenya, seeing the enchanted land of black frozen lava speckled with flaring poker trees is really something special.

8. Great Rift Valley

The Great Rift Valley is the top tourist attraction in Kenya. It’s a beauty to behold! Here, you will find some of the largest, deepest and oldest lakes in the world. The valley also hosts some volcanic mountains. The valley offers stunning views and you will surely see many photo-worthy panoramas.

9. Mount Kenya

Mount Kenya is one of the most famous mountains in the world. It is the highest mountain in Kenya and second-highest in Africa. It is about 5199 metres above sea level. The mountain has beautiful snow-capped peaks that make it stand out and very attractive.  If you love adventurous climbing and trekking, this is the best destination to explore.

10. Kapsowar

Photo Source: Hublog

Kapsower is a beautiful small town located in Rift Valley Province, Kenya. It’s a picture-perfect town; filled with quaint charm, crisp breeze and amazing scenic beauty. It’s one of the best places to explore the most breathtaking landscapes and unique attractions such as charming flowing rivers, herds of cows and gorgeous hills.

11. Uhuru Gardens

Uhuru Gardens is a fascinating urban haven located in Nairobi. Beautiful lanscape and architecture, lush plantations and relaxing atmosphere are the defining elements of Uhuru garden.

12. Shanzu Beach

Shanzu Beach is located on the Indian Ocean in Mombasa, an ideal place for an unforgettable coast adventure. The beach is known for its beautiful shores, spectacular views, towering palm trees, and pristine white sands. There are several accommodation located next to the beach. Great place to spend a memorable vacation!

13. Meru National Park

Meru National Park is located 350km from Nairobi, east of Meru. The Mational park is one of the most popular and beautiful parks in Kenya. It is home to several animal species such as Leopard, Elephant, Hippopotamus, Cheetah and many others. The park offers a authentic wilderness atmosphere, scenic landscapes and amazing wildlife.

14. Giraffe Manor

Giraffe Manor offers a unique experience when it comes to luxury accommodation. The Manor is one of the best places to see beautiful and graceful creatures such as Giraffes in Kenya. The Manor is home to Rothschild Giraffes, which are seen roaming around the surroundings. It’s such a beautiful experience!

15. Ol Pejeta Conservancy

Photo Source: Safaribookings

The vast Conservancy lures visitors from around the country in search of unforgettable adventures. The Ol Pejeta Conservancy is located in Nanyuki, between the foothills of Mount Kenya and the Aberdares. The conservancy is home to the ‘Big Five’ and offers a scenic landscape, wildlife ambiance an exciting experience.

16. Rolf’s Place

Rolfs Place’s opportunities for exciting adventure are enough to thrill any visitor. It’s a leopard cliff Mansion built like a medieval fortress, located just 25 minutes from Nairobi.Rolf’s Place offers a panoramic view of Mount Kenya, Mount Kilimanjaro and Ngong Hills. It also has some neighbouring parks that offer visitor opportunities to experience wildlife.

17. Lake Nakuru

Lake Nakuru is one of the most beautiful lakes in Kenya. The lake is located in Lake Nakuru National Park and lies in the Rift Valley of Kenya. The lake is renowned as a location of the beautiful bird species – loads of fuchsia pink flamingoes.

18. The Coral Gardens of Wasini

Photo Source: Footprintstours

The Wasini Coral Gardens, located in Wasini Island, about 100 km south of Mombasa. The garden is a surrounded by mangrove forest, beautiful landscape and offers amazing views.  It offers several activities that will give you a unique experience.

19. Hell’s Gate National Park

Hell’s Gate National Park is located North West of Nairobi. The park is home to a wide variety of wildlife, bird species. Hell’s Gate National Park has exciting attractions and activities such as Hot Springs, The Olkaria Geothermal Station, The Mervym Carnelley Raptor Hide, Fisher’s Tower and many others.

20. The Aberdares

Photo Source: Safarilanga

The Aberdares’ beauty is not something we can ignore. The 160km long mountain range of plateau offers some of the best mountain views in the country. The Aberdare range is a beautiful place and its full of wonder.

Is there any fascinating places in Africa you would like us to know about? Share your experience with us – info@natureboundafrica.com

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