The Hadzabe tribe of Tanzania is the last true nomads of Africa
They grow no food, raise no livestock, and live without rules or calendars. They are living a hunter-gatherer existence that is little changed from 10,000 years ago. What do they know that we’ve forgotten?
Living near Lake Eyasi in northern Tanzania, the Hadza have managed to preserve their hunter-gatherer way of life for over 30 000 – maybe over 50 000 – years. Their language was once classified with the Khoisan due to similar click sounds, but it has since been reclassified as an isolate – a language unrelated to any other.
They are also not closely genetically related to any other tribe. This, combined with their location in the Great Rift Valley, only adds to the intrigue and mystique of these wonderful people. Even their oral history, unlike that of most African tribes, does not indicate that they moved to Hadzaland from elsewhere, making them one of the oldest tribes in Africa – if not the oldest.
Using bow and arrow
Using bow and arrow, Hadza hunters shoot tiny birds from 30 yards with deadly precision. A hunter takes aim at a bird and follows through the thorns to find his quarry. Below: Hunters kindle a fire to cook birds and a freshly killed dik-dik.
Hadza typically live in camps with 20-40 residents. On any given day, camp members decide where and how to forage by closely observing their country, discussing their observations with other camp members, and by drawing upon their expert knowledge of the land. Though the Hadza recognize five general regions within their country (Mangola, Han!abi, Tli’ika, Sipunga, and Dunduiya), there are no land-holding territorial divisions between Hadza groups.
The Hadza are highly skilled, selective, and opportunistic foragers, and adjust their diet according to season and circumstance. Depending on local availability, some groups might rely more heavily on tubers, others on berries, others on meat. This variability is the result of their opportunism and adjustment to prevailing conditions.
Traditionally, the Hadza do not make use of hunting dogs, although this custom has been recently borrowed from neighboring tribes to some degree. Most men (80%+) do not use dogs when foraging.
The they’ve never lived densely enough to be seriously threatened by an infectious outbreak. They have no known history of famine; rather, there is evidence of people from a farming group coming to live with them during a time of crop failure.
The Hadza diet remains even today more stable and varied than that of most of the world’s citizens. They enjoy an extraordinary amount of leisure time. Anthropologists have estimated that they “work”—actively pursue food—four to six hours a day. And over all these thousands of years, they’ve left hardly more than a footprint on the land.
Incredible Archaeological Sites in Africa
Africa’s archaeological sites helped explain some of the greatest mysteries in history of mankind but there are also many that baffle modern scientists. This is because these early societies weren’t supposed to be as advanced. Here is a list of 10 incredible archaeological sites in Africa.
Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania
Olduvai Gorge is one of the most important archaeological sites on earth, let alone Africa. This is owing to the fact that it showcases the progress of human evolution. The fossils found here date back to more than 1.9 million years ago and include evidence of man as a scavenger, hunter and social being. Various types of tools have been discovered as well.
Valley of the Kings, Egypt
From the mid to the late 2nd millennium BC, Egyptian pharaohs and some members of nobility were buried in tombs constructed in the Valley of the Kings. The area has been receiving visitors since antiquity which is evident from Greek and Latin inscriptions on the walls. Unfortunately, not all visitors were tourists and over the centuries most of the 63 tombs in the area have been robbed.
Gedi Ruins, Kenya
Gedi was a city along the Kenyan coast that flourished from the 13th to the beginning of the 17th century. In the 1940s, the archaeologists excavating on the site uncovered some very interesting artifacts. These include items originating from far overseas including Spain, Venice, India and China. The city had an impressive palace, a large mosque and exquisite stone houses.
In 1976, the renowned British paleo-anthropologist Mary Leakey discovered footprints of a hominid in Laetoli. Footprints in volcanic ash revealed that this early man walked in an upright manner. Other footprints were found as well, including from hyenas, rhinos, birds, baboons and even gazelles. The scientific community was astounded since the Laetoli discovery proved that early man was walking upright approximately 3.6 million years ago.
Sterkfontein Caves, South Africa
The Sterkfontein Caves are often referred to as the Cradle of Humankind as there is no other place on earth with a larger number of hominid fossils. To date (paleo-anthropologists have been excavating on the site since the mid-1930s), remains of about 500 hominids have been found with ‘Mrs. Ples’ and ‘Little Foot’ being the most prominent. While ‘Mrs. Ples’ is the most complete skull of Australopithecus ever found, ‘Little Foot’ is one of the most complete early hominid skeletons in the world.
Blombos Cave, South Africa
The Blombos Cave has helped answer many questions about Homo sapiens that occupied the area some 100,000 years ago. The mystery of cultural origin and behavioral patterns of early man is slowly being uncovered here. According to many paleo-anthropologists, modern human behavior can be traced back to this group of Homo sapiens that was shown to be very innovative, well organized and creative. The site was discovered in 1991.
Meroe was one of the wealthiest cities of the ancient Kingdom of Kush. Established in 800 BC, the city was influenced greatly by the neighboring Egyptian civilization. But in the 3rd century BC, the Egyptian art, language and writing began to disappear. In the 3rd and 4th century AD, Meroe started to decline, mainly due to the collapse of external trade. Nevertheless, the remains of this ancient city which include over 200 pyramids still stand as evidence of its former splendor.
Nok is a village and an archaeological site in Nigeria which is famous worldwide for its terracotta figurines. The site has been dated to the mid-4 millennium BC (disputed by some) and gave name to the so-called Nok culture. This ancient civilization emerged in Nigeria in the 11th century BC and collapsed around 300 AD for unknown reasons. Archaeological finds reveal that the Nok culture was highly advanced even though West African societies supposed to be primitive at that time.
Koobi Fora, Kenya
The area around Koobi Fora is renowned for sandstones and siltstones containing well preserved remains of hominins and terrestrial mammals dating back as far as 4.2 million years ago. Hominin fossils that have been discovered in Koobi Fora include: Australopithecus anamensis, Australopithecus boisei, Homo habilis, Homo rudolfensis and Homo ergaster. Also found were many stone tools most of which, however, aren’t associated with hominins.
Laas Gaal, Somalia
Laas Gaal is a complex of rockhouses and caves containing rock art dating back to 9,000 BC. The rock paintings shows people worshiping cows with large horns and ceremonial robes. Locals knew about the rockhouses and caves for hundreds of years before a team of French researches discovered the site in 2002. Like many other archaeological sites in Somalia, Laas Gaal hasn’t been fully explored yet.
East Africa Safaris in style, Adventures with a difference
How about skyping live in the African Savannah. Imagine sharing with those you love the wildbeest migration or lion hunt as it happens. When you think of WIFI what comes to mind. Large cities, modern hotels, hotel lobbies in the city, airport lounge, coffee café and so on. It’s all about modern. In this world today almost everything if not all has gone online. Internet is everything. You can find almost all you need on the internet.This is what successful business is all about.
When most Business or corporate executives or families come to Africa they only expect to find internet in the hotels that they will stay in. In this age almost but not all have internet. This shuts down a person’s world until you finish your days on Tanzania & Kenya safari. Unless for those who really want to shut down from the world and enjoy their time in Africa, we have an option.
With this in mind, making WIFI available even while on the safari was born. An idea that has been well accepted by our clients. Skype while on safari is phenomenal with the clients . Pass every detail of the safari and business schedules to friends and families back home. If you are accompanied by family on your trip, we handle it too. IPods and puzzles are provided for children to keep them engaged. They cover the distances without their knowledge. These are comfortable Business and leisure travel safaris with an exceptional experience. While at it, Gather your points and Save for the the next coming trips . A free lunch, dinner or night will be free for you. Travel in Africa and do it in style.
East Africa is a destination with something for everyone: ‘Safari’ is a Swahili word meaning ‘journey’
With lions, elephants, giraffes, zebras and more roaming the diverse and dramatic landscape, stunning white sand beaches overlooking the Indian Ocean, and fascinating cultures from the Maasai people to Arab traders, East Africa is one of the most amazing destinations in the world. Nature Bound Africa will help you discover the richness of East Africa and have the adventure of your life. We will take care of your safety and comfort, while ensuring you get the most out of your African experience.
We specialise in arranging environmentally sensitive safaris within the East African countries of Tanzania, Kenya, Rwanda and Uganda. You can choose from one of our tried and tested safari packages, or you can build your own. Just tell us where you’d like to go, what you’d like to do, and how much time you’ve got, and we will put something together to suit your needs and budget.
Serengeti and Maasai Mara National Parks are undoubtedly the most famous of East Africa’s protected areas, with the annual wildebeest migration attracting thousands of visitors each year. Visiting the highly endangered mountain gorillas, made famous by Dian Fossey and captured in the movie Gorillas in the Mist, is a definite highlight.
For a real African adventure, try hiking in and around the Ngorongoro Crater, Tarangire and Lake Manyara National Parks also reward travellers with their abundant wildlife. And once you’ve worn yourself and your camera out, head to one of the stunning coastal locations like Zanzibar or southern Kenya. Travel with us and get a true local perspective on these amazing places.
Defying Gravity, Water flows uphill in Kenya
It comprises of different ecosystems, unique and diverse cultures, breathtaking landscapes, the seventh wonder of the world –wildebeests migration, ever smiling and welcoming people bird life and wildlife exposed by the renowned wildlife documentaries.
Experiencing the sights, sounds, smell and first impressions of all above is quite simply beyond expectations. Most people come to see the big five but there is a lot more that has not been exposed and eye catching at that. Some of the experiences are mind blowing. They will be beyond your wildest expectations.
Ever seen where water flows uphill? Guess your answer is no but there is a place in Eastern Kenya where you experience just that. No geologists yet have given a satisfactory explanation for the hills defiance of gravity and may be this should be another wonder of the world. The hill is located in Machakos, 60 kilometers east of Nairobi at a local area known as Kyamwilu.
Some youth keep vigil around the hill so that there can demonstrate the “magic” to you, but its real and not a trick being played on you. With a bottle of water at hand they will pour it o the ground and everyone expects it to flow down hill. But at this magic hill the water flows up hill. Another test is to park you car at the bottom of the hill and engage free gear. The vehicle goes uphill gathering speed as it climbs up to about halfway. The car tends to climb faster if moving backward. Amazing it is. The amazing hill has become an attraction to many. It is a phenomenon that defies gravity.
This is just but one of the few attractions that are just explainable. While on Safari , inquire about this not just the animals and your Kenya safari may be beyond your imagination. firstname.lastname@example.org
A holiday like no other in East Africa
The world’s best safaris
Let’s face it, The East African heavyweight rarely crops up in a sentence without the word ‘safari’ in it. The Big Five are undoubtedly Kenya’s biggest draw, and within the country’s borders, and south into Tanzania, you’ll find world-famous parks like the Masai Mara National Reserve and The Serengeti National Park. They are home to lions, elephants, leopards – and the rest. Plus, the jagged peak of Mount Kilimanjaro as its cinematic backdrop.
East Africa got a few lesser-known highlights, too, starting with the capital cities, Nairobi, Dar-ee-Salaam, Kampala & Kigali. With all its markets and bazaars, the city are the place to pick up everything from artwork to hand-painted fabrics. Souvenir shopping is sorted all over the cities, although the stand-out here is the coastline, and the string of postcard-worthy beaches that run along it.
East Africa’s beaches are serious competition for the Caribbean. Blockbusters like Zanzibar, Bamburi and Diani are the places to pull on your wetsuit and explore the nearby coral reefs – or you can just park yourself on the sand. And at the quieter ones like Galu, the only thing to disturb you will be the monkeys eyeing up your lunch.
Diani Beach is a large resort on Kenya’s southern coast, about 30 kilometres south of Mombasa. It’s an upscale sort of place with a gaggle of high-class hotels and restaurants, and the beachfront bars give out a relaxed, friendly vibe. But as the name suggests, this spot’s popularity is all down to the beach – you’ve got a whopping 25 kilometres of tropical white sands to play with here.
Most people’s idea of paradise looks a lot like Watamu. On Kenya’s coast, 150 kilometres north of Mombasa, this isolated village is surrounded by plantations of coconut trees and mangrove creeks. It’s got a supersized white beach, perfect for lazing by day and romantic walks at dusk. And just off the shore is a coral reef that’s part of the Watamu Marine National Park and teeming with all creatures great and small.
As resorts go, Bamburi Beach is pretty modest. Just north of Mombasa on Kenya’s south coast, it’s a purpose-built place that lets the hotels take care of things on the eating and shopping front. It’s quite small, but when you do get out and about you’ll find a really friendly African welcome in the bars here
Don't see the perfect trip on the list? No worries! We'd be happy to make a custom itinerary for you, so you can get exactly what you want out of your African adventure. Just give us a call!
East Africa: (+255) 784 737 413