Natural Wonders Of Tanzania
- Tallest mountain in Africa at 19,340 feet (5,895 m)
- Tallest free standing mountain in the world
- 7 peaks with Uhuru Peak being the highest
- Kibo peak features a 1.5 mile wide crater
- Greatest view of earth’s surface in one view
Mount Kilimanjaro was officially declared as one of the 7 Natural Wonders of Africa February 11, 2013 in Arusha, Tanzania. Votes were cast by experts from around the world who noted the key statistical significance. Mount Kilimanjaro is the pinnacle wonder of nature and is affectionately known as the rooftop of Africa.
Mount Kilimanjaro is one of the largest stratovolcanoes in the world reaching 19,340 feet (5,895 m) into the air. As the tallest mountain in Africa, Mount Kilimanjaro is also the tallest free standing mountain in the world. Kilimanjaro is a composite volcano that includes layers of lava, tephra, and volcanic ash. The volcano is currently inactive with no known history of eruptions.
Mount Kilimanjaro has seven distinctive peaks with Uhuru Peak accounting for the mountains highest elevation at 19,341 feet (5,895 m). A 1.5 mile wide crater is featured as part of the Kibo portion of the mountain.
The high elevation and proximity to the equator allows visitors to experience a variety of climate types. Kilimanjaro also features a year round snow-topped peak. Although the volcano is isolated, it is part of the line of volcanoes that reach across northern Tanzania. You can visit our Kilimanjaro Resource page for more information and access to resources to experience this natural wonder.
Where is Mount Kilimanjaro
Mount Kilimanjaro is located in Tanzania just south of the border between Tanzania and Kenya. Specifically, it is located at the coordinates of latitude: 3°4′33″S and longitude: 37°21′12″E. Mount Kilimanjaro is found just outside the city of Arusha, Tanzania. Although many people fly into Arusha when visiting Tanzania, there is an international airport near the mountain appropriately named, Kilimanjaro International Airport.
Best way to see and experience Mount Kilimanjaro
The best view of Mount Kilimanjaro comes from approaching the mountain from the northern Kenya side. The majority of pictures seen in magazines and travel guides feature this view. However, the best way to experience Mount Kilimanjaro is through taking a trek up and around the mountain.
The six official trekking routes include Machame, Marangu, Lemosho, Rongai, Shira, and Umbwe. The easiest trek comes from the Rongai route, however this is also the least scenic. Machame is one of the more challenging treks, however it does offer the most attractive and scenic views. No matter which route you take, you will need to plan at least 5 to 7 days for the trek allowing for both travel and more importantly acclimation to the altitude.
Visitors who plan to trek up Mount Kilimanjaro need to evaluate their own physical abilities. It is imperative to understand that even experienced trekkers will fall victim to some level of altitude sickness. The summit of Kilimanjaro is high enough that either high altitude cerebral edema (HACE) or high altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) can occur. You should at least expect to experience shortage of breath, headaches and some elements of hypothermia. Taking 7 days versus 5 days creates a better chance for you to acclimate easier and reduce the altitude effects.
Further note: Although the summit of Kilimanjaro can be reached through a walk and is not technically a climb, it is still a strenuous trek. According to the Kilimanjaro National Park, only 41% of trekkers actually reach the peak. Plan, prepare and train if you look to explore Mount Kilimanjaro and experience this wonder of nature to the fullest. Visit our Kilimanjaro Resource page for connection to additional information and services for climbing Kilimanjaro.
For all practical purposes, you should plan on experience the trek and the views versus encounters with wildlife. Although in the forested area of the mountain there are reports of baboons, civets, leopards, mongooses, honey badgers and servals, they are rarely seen. You could see blue or colobus monkey as they scamper the trees.
Your best bet is to focus on the trek, views and acclimation to the altitude. You will have a better chance to view wildlife after getting down from the mountain and exploring Ngorongoro Crater or the Serengeti.
Kilimanjaro Climbing and Exploring Resources
If you follow this page, you will find a list of resources that will help you learn more about Mount Kilimanjaro as well as discover resources to help you climb and explore this wonder of nature. These resources are members of Seven Natural Wonders reflecting their commitment to protect the natural wonders of Africa.
Mount Kilimanjaro is neighbors with the Serengeti and Ngorongoro Crater which are both havens for wildlife. If time permits you should plan on visiting both the crater and the plains of the Serengeti. Ngorongoro Crater can be experienced in a day and this unbroken caldera serves as a wildlife sanctuary with a chance of seeing the Big 5. Learn more through our Kilimanjaro Resources page.
Featuring over 1.2 million wildebeest, over 800,000 zebra, and thousand of gazelle, the Serengeti Migration is the largest land migration in the world. The wonder of nature is shared between Tanzania and Kenya and is one of the most spectacular wildlife feats.
- Migration crosses Tanzania and Kenya
- Spans 18,641.1 square miles (30,000 sq km)
- Longest and largest over land migration in the world
- The name Serengeti means “endless plains”
The Serengeti migration is the longest and largest over land migration in the world. The Serengeti plains account for over 18,641 square miles and the migration itself travels 500 miles on the path from Tanzania to the Masai Mara Reserve in Kenya. Approximately 80% of the Seregeti plains are protected by the Tanzanian and Kenyan governments.
The Serengeti is home to over 70 larger mammals and approximately 500 different types of birds. Probably the most impressive part of the migration is the herds of wildebeests that blanket the plains. The migration will kill off around 250,000 wildebeests each year.
7 Natural Wonders of Africa: Serengeti Migration
The Serengeti Migration was officially declared as one of the 7 Natural Wonders of Africa February 11, 2013 in Arusha, Tanzania. Votes were cast by experts from around the world who noted the key statistical significance. The Serengeti Migration is a wonder of nature shared between Tanzania and Kenya. The Serengeti Migration received the most votes along with the most #1 votes making it the most recognized wonder of nature.
Best way to see and experience the Serengeti Migration
The most intimate encounter with with wildlife of the Serengeti and the migration will come from the exploration inside a safari jeep. If you are looking at watching the wildebeest and other animals crossing the river, then you will need to plan on having patience. The animals may graze for hours and days on end before taking the swim across the river. It may mean just sitting in your Land Rover or other safari vehicle and watching.
If you are fortunate to experience the river crossing, keep your eyes peeled to river banks and wildlife swimming because the crocodiles have been waiting and know they are coming. Witnessing a crocodile capture a wildebeest and wrestle their prize home is an exhilarating experience.
The same could be said for following the migrating animals. The lions and other predators know the season and in the hunting mode. Keep your eyes on the stragglers and loners because the predators have their eyes on those too. Witnessing a lion hunting and killing part of the migration is usually more exciting than the crocodiles making their kill. All of this usually requires lots of patience and watching.
Another serene experience is ballooning over the Serengeti. This adventure allows you to recognize the grandeur and size of both the Serengeti itself and the expanse of the migrating wildlife. The balloon will usually land somewhere with a breakfast waiting for you out in the Serengeti. Visit our Serengeti Resources page for more information and resources to help you plan your trip.
Visiting the Serengeti
For those traveling to the Serengeti, you probably have questions about where to stay, what to do, and how to best experience the Serengeti migration. For more information on the Serengeti, the migration, and the tourist resources available to help you experience this natural wonder of Africa, you are invited to visit our Serengeti Resources page.
Ngorongoro Crater is the largest unbroken caldera in the world. It is often considered the Garden of Eden of Africa or the Cradle of Life. Home to 5 of the Big 7 and many other animals, Ngorongoro Crater serves as an intimate encounter with nature.
- Largest unbroken caldera in the world
- Also referred to as “Africa’s Garden of Eden”
- Crater is 12 miles (19 km) across and covers 102 square miles (264 sq km)
- Rises over 2,000 feet above the caldera floor
- Home to over 30,000 animals including the rare black rhino