Frequently Asked questions – ( FAQs) for – East Africa and South Africa
East Africa is on the equator and is known as a "year round destination" which can be visited anytime. The hottest months are late January to March while the coolest are July and August. It is probably best to try to avoid the two rainy seasons, known as "the long rains", a 10 week period between late March and early June and the "short rains" a six week period during November and December. Global weather patterns are changing and sometimes the rains fail completely in some parts of East Africa and there is a period of drought or there may be heavy rains outside the normal rainy season. However when it rains it tends to be mainly at night or in the early morning which means there can still be sunny days in between. Many safari camps close during May when the long rains are at their height, as the tracks and roads get muddy and it may not be possible for the camp vehicles to take visitors on game drives. During the hot months of January to March conditions can often be dry and dusty and the animals may congregate near water-holes so that there is excellent wildlife viewing. Just after the rainy seasons, in June or again in December, many of the animals have their young to co-incide with the better grazing from new grass following the rains. The wildebeest migration moves into the Mara between July and September and this is when many visitors come to East Africa and the parks can get more crowded with tourist vehicles. To sum up - January to March: usually hot and dry and great for wildlife viewing, April-May: can be wet and muddy, June: green and lush after the rains, Jul-August: cooler but good for the migration in the Mara, September-October: good weather and good wildlife viewing, November-December: the short rains.Safari lodges have guest rooms similar to a hotel with en suite bathrooms. They are comfortably furnished with all the facilities normally associated with a 3 star hotel. Tented lodges have rooms which are tents on a platform and with a roof and also have en suite facilities with showers, flush toilets and hot and cold running water, like a hotel bathroom. The safari lodges and bigger tented lodges can be more "touristy" and being larger establishments they can be a bit impersonal if you are traveling alone or as a couple. They suit those who prefer to have the infrastructure and facilities of a hotel and most have swimming pools and extensive grounds and gardens. The boutique lodges and camps can be very stylish and smart in terms of design and decor, often with very spacious rooms and even going so far in some cases as having plunge pools for each room. Eco-camps and smaller tented camps have insect-proof tents with en suite facilities including safari shower and flush toilets. They give a more authentic safari experience but the tents are comfortably furnished with proper beds and you don't need to bring your own sleeping bag! The emphasis is usually on having excellent guides and great wildlife viewing away from the crowds. Guests often eat together and people traveling alone usually say that they found the atmosphere friendly and enjoyed meeting other like-minded travelers round the camp fire in the evening or at dinner. The Adventure Camps are a budget option with guests bringing their own sleeping bags and towels and accommodation is in small dome tents with a mattress on the floor. Each tent has its own nearby cubicle with a flush toilet, safari shower and wash basin. The Adventure Camps are suitable only for those who don't mind "real camping" and can put up with some degree of "roughing it". Apart from the accommodation in simple dome tents, the meals and the guiding are at the same standard as the higher quality camps and game drives are in 4x4 safari vehicles. For those on a limited budget the Adventure Camps are a good alternative to the big tourist lodges and minibus tours for those for whom the safari experience is more important than hotel accommodation.Safari / bucket showers are common in mobile or tented camps where there is no permanent plumbing. They are an effective yet environmentally friendly way to shower where water is at a premium and provide plenty of hot water to wash comfortably. Generally there is an en suite private shower stall within your tent with a "rainfall" style shower head at which you can control the water flow. Outside the tent there is a large waterproof bag or bucket which is filled with about 10 to 15 litres (5 US gallons) of hot water before being raised with a pully / rope system to either connect to the shower pipe or fill a cistern. The water is delivered at the ideal temperature so it is best to use it as soon as it arrives. Staff typically fill the showers at a pre-arranged time of day, or you simply need to give them a few minutes' notice so they can get it ready.If you are booking a fly-in (air) safari your safari game drives will be operated by your chosen camp / lodge. Various types of vehicles are used for game drives, so do check with your sales consultant which type your chosen accommodation uses. These drives may be shared with other guests – typically maximum 6 per vehicle – and there may be the option to upgrade to a private vehicle. If you are booking a road safari in East Africa you can choose between a 6 seater safari minivan or a closed-sided 4x4 vehicle – both have pop-up roofs giving passengers great photo opportunities. At Porini Camps shared game drives are taken in specially-adapted 4x4 safari vehicles with open sides, perfect for viewing wildlife and taking photos. These have 3 rows of seats behind the driver / tracker and take a maximum of 6 guests, so everyone is guaranteed a "window" seat.There are many varied parks and reserves from which to choose – each has its own unique reasons for visiting, be it a special topography or rare wildlife species. Where possible we recommend combining two, three or more parks in order to see a broad range of landscapes and animals. Some private reserves / conservancies are able to offer night game drives and walking safaris plus they offer the advantage of having few – if any - other tourist vehicles sharing the land. See more details on East Africa 's Parks & Reserves.
Are we better off staying inside the Mara Reserve and will we see animals if our camp is outside the reserve?The Mara eco-system and its wildlife extend far beyond the boundaries of the official Masai Mara National Reserve. Other game-filled wildlife reserves (conservancies) have been established in the Mara and most guests prefer the conservancy game drives as animal sightings and photo opportunities can be better than within the Reserve. The conservancies also have the advantage of offering a more private, exclusive wilderness (away from crowds of tourists) and they allow night game drives and walking safaris. Some camps (such as Porini Mara Camp and Porini Lion Camp) offer game drives in conservancies as well as in the main Reserve. See more details on Mara conservancies.Attacks on humans are rare. Most animals are wary of the sight and smell of humans and will flee rather than attack. While on game drives you will be escorted by expert guides who are highly trained in assessing situations and avoiding danger. In addition guides in some countries carry firearms. Wildlife can wander close to camps and lodges since they are typically unfenced, but every measure is in place to ensure guest safety. For example, guests are escorted around camp after dark in many cases.
Will there be lots of bugs and creepy-crawlies? Do we need to bring mosquito nets? And what about snakes?Many visitors are surprised to find that on safari there are often not as many bugs as there are in their home countries in summer and frequently they tell us that they did not even see a mosquito on safari! However this is Africa and there are certainly many tropical insects in the country but most are quite harmless to humans and some of them are actually very interesting! During the rainy season there are often more insects in evidence especially after a shower of rain. The lodges normally provide mosquito nets in the guest rooms but in the tented camps these are not needed if the tent is insect-proof with zipping doors and sewn in groundsheets. The important thing is to leave the lights switched off when you are out of the tent and always keep the doors zipped shut. Most people on safari do not even see an insect in their lodge room or in their tent. If you notice a gecko (small lizard) in your lodge room, these are common and absolutely harmless so they can just be ignored, especially as they eat mosquitoes and bugs. As for snakes, there are many species of snakes in East Africa, most of which are harmless to humans. Snakes are not often seen as they avoid being in the open where people are walking about and will almost always try to get away and to hide if they sense human footsteps approaching. Your guide may spot a snake and point it out from the safety of your vehicle when on a game drive but they are rarely seen in the grounds of the lodges or camps. If you do see a snake, do not approach it - simply give it a wide berth and tell your guide or a member of staff at the camp. If left alone at a safe distance, snakes do not pose a danger.Each camp and lodge varies with its exact schedule, but generally safaris follow a typical pattern with two main activities each day. Activities are mainly game drives and guided walks, but in some locations can include game viewing from a river. The morning may begin with a hot drink and light snack before the first drive / activity which starts at or just after sunrise. There are great opportunities to see wildlife at this time since it is still fairly cool and animals are most active. The morning activity usually ends by late morning with guests returning to the camp / lodge for breakfast / brunch. Guests generally relax at the camp / lodge for the middle of the day. This is because the animals are quite inactive during the heat of the day – seeking shelter in the shade. Guests have lunch and enjoy the camp or lodge facilities (lounge / hammocks / swimming pool etc) or some properties offer short walks or visits to a hide. The second main activity will follow afternoon tea (drink / snacks, etc) in the late afternoon and perhaps end at a scenic point to view the sunset. Some camps offer night drives after this. Guests later return to the camp / lodge for drinks and dinner.The water in many cities and small towns is purified and safe to drink, but we recommend drinking bottled water / drinks which are readily available at hotels, camps and lodges.The food available at most camps and lodges is of great quality and with an international style. Breakfasts include cereals, fruit, cold meats, eggs, bacon, sausages etc and fresh bread. Lunches and dinners may include soups, salads, cold meats, pasta, meat & fish dishes and fresh fruits and vegetables. Larger lodges tend to offer a buffet selection. Smaller camps have a more personal service with guests dining together communally. Some properties can offer bush breakfasts, lunches and dinners for an experience of dining in the wild.Mobile / cell phone coverage across Africa is generally quite good and even some of the main safari areas have a service. Your phone company will be able to tell you what service is provided in the countries you are visiting. If you use your phone during your safari please respect other guests and do not use the phone during game drives or speak loudly on your phone while in camp.Very few safari camps have Wi-Fi / internet available for guests. Some may have a mobile / cell phone signal through which you could access the internet (depending on your phone plan / provider) though this may be expensive. Most major hotels in Nairobi and on the coast have internet (fees may apply).Yes, the camps and lodges have power – perhaps as solar lighting and / or a generator. The power may be switched off for part of the day. At small camps and lodges you may not be able to use a hairdryer or electric shaver but batteries can be charged either in your tent / room or in a communal area. Your charger must be 220v or you will need to bring a transformer – though most electronic equipment now automatically converts from 110v to 220v. The required adaptor plugs are included in most international travel adaptor kits. For East Africa it is plug type G (the British-style 3 rectangular pin plug).Most of the properties we offer have telephones and email so can be easily reached. Smaller (mobile) camps may use radio. We recommend that you leave the contact details of your accommodation as well as our office with your friends and family so that we can assist should they need to contact you.In the unlikely event of illness or injury our driver-guides and most camp / lodge staff are trained in first aid procedures. Medical travel insurance is a necessity and we recommend that you purchase a policy with a supplemental benefit for emergency medical evacuation. In the event of a medical emergency an aircraft can be dispatched to lodges or camps. There are good quality medical facilities in the larger towns and cities should you require medical attention while on your trip.While there are certain inherent risks involved in any travel the chances of being involved in an incident are very small. Your safety is our foremost concern and we are constantly updated by the official government security departments and agencies and monitor any situations that may arise. It is extremely rare for tourists to be involved in pirate attacks. Piracy is mainly off the coast of Somalia targeting international shipping, with pirates aiming to take control of large vessels and holding the ship owners to ransom.Your arrangements are financially protected as we are a member of the East Africa Association of Tour Operators (KATO) bonding scheme. This is backed by a leading insurance company and ensures that payments are fully protected if a bonded KATO member ceases trading. Most credit cards also offer a certain amount of consumer protection and we can accept these via our secure online payment system.We welcome single travelers on safari but there are some points to consider: Many safaris only operate with a minimum of 2 persons so you may need to be flexible with your choice of dates. Internal flights also have a minimum passenger rule which is between 2 and 4 people, depending on the time of year. Nature Bound Africa will always endeavor to book you on flights where others are already confirmed but the airline reserve the right to cancel the service, or ask you to buy an extra seat, should others cancel. We do not offer to 'pair' people up at camp so you would need to pay a single supplement. A safari holiday is a great chance to meet like minded people with shared game drives. At many camps (including Porini Camps) you can also enjoy the company of other guests at meal times.Many of the major world airlines including East Africa Airways, British Airways, Air France, KLM, Lufthansa and Swissair fly several times a week from Europe into Jomo East Africa tta International airport, Nairobi. From North America, airlines including American Airlines and Delta offer services that connect via Europe. Other airlines include Emirates, Qatar, Egypt Air, Ethiopian Airlines, South African Airways, Turkish Airlines and Air India. Use our simple Online Flight Search facility to quickly find the latest availability and prices.
Are we expected to give tips to lodge staff and the driver-guides and is there any advice on the normal amounts?Tipping is customary in Africa and it rewards and encourages good service. Tipping is at your discretion but as a guideline we suggest a tip (given on your last day in each camp) equating to US$5 to $6 (or Kshs 500) per guest per day to the Guide (who will distribute part of this to the spotter) plus US$5 to $6 (or Kshs 500) per guest per day into the staff tip box. It is usually difficult to obtain change or exchange currency when at a lodge / camp so it may be useful to plan ahead for tips before starting a safari.Please do not offer sweets / candy to children as with little or no dental care available it is best that they don't develop a sweet tooth. The village chiefs and elders request that you do not give gifts directly to children, however, supplies and monetary donations to our projects are most appreciated. In East Africa we work with an organization called, please visit our page on their website to read more about the organizations we support and what you can do to contribute during your safari.Luggage should be kept to a minimum, especially if you will be travelling via light aircraft. In East Africa the limit is typically 15 kg per person, and in southern Africa it is 20kg per person. This should be in soft bags as opposed to hard suit cases in order to fit in the baggage compartment on small aircraft. On road safaris the weight and size allowance is not as important but you should still try to bring as little as possible. A complimentary laundry service is offered at many camps and lodges. For game viewing it is best to wear grey, brown, khaki or green coloured clothing so the wildlife is not alerted to your presence. Camouflage clothing is not permitted in some countries. See more details on our recommended Packing List.Our popular Adventure Camping trips (using the smaller dome tents) are designed to bring fantastic value by doing away with some luxuries but without compromising on the game-viewing experience. Thick ground mattresses and pillows are supplied and sleeping bags can be hired (ask your sales consultant at the time of booking). Some clients like to bring their own sleeping bag – we recommend one that is suitable for mild temperatures – "10 degrees C" (where categorised by temperature) or "Summer" (where categorised by season). e.g. in East Africa the average minimum overnight temperature is 11 to 13 degrees Celsius. Also bear in mind the weight and packed dimensions for your convenience in carrying it with your luggage.
Don't see the perfect trip on the list? No worries! We'd be happy to make a custom itinerary for you, so you can get exactly what you want out of your African adventure. Just give us a call!
East Africa: +255.784.737.413 - USA: +1.315.675.4325 - Australia: +61.28.006.8085